Jeffry D. Harris
Bricker Graydon LLP


(Changes from last month are noted in italics):


HB 1 PROPERTY/INCOME TAX (Mathews, A.)  Introduced on February 15, 2023, this bill modifies existing law regarding property taxation and income tax rates.  The bill is designed to flatten Ohio’s personal income tax by eliminating various brackets and instead impose a rate of 2.75% on income over $26,050.

On April 25, 2023, the House Ways & Means Committee held its seventh hearing on the measure.

HB 2  ECONOMIC GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT (Cutrona A., Upchurch, T.)  Ostensibly introduced in February 2023 to declare the General Assembly’s intent to direct state funds to projects across the state for economic growth and community development, this bill was rewritten one year later (during February 2024) to propose the House’s capital budget-like appropriations.

On February 7, 2024, the entire House approved the measure (75-19).   On June 18, 2024, the bill had its first hearing in the Senate Finance Committee.  Leadership in both chambers have identified this measure as the go-to vehicle for the state’s traditional capital appropriations plus the One-Time Strategic Community Investment Fund allocations; see the companion bill in the upper chamber (SB 288) and see the traditional capital bills in both chambers (SB 292 and HB 629).

The capital requests included in the bill include:

  • $600MM for school facility construction;
  • $400MM for the OPWC’s Local Public Infrastructure and State Capital Improvement Program;
  • $397.6MM for higher education;
  • $250MM for local jail construction; and,
  • $350MM in the House’s one-time Strategic Community Investment Fund allocations, spread to 318 projects throughout the state.

HB 3 AFFORDABLE HOUSING (Mathews, A.)  Introduced on February 15, 2023, this place-holder bill initially stated only that it is the General Assembly’s intention to authorize an affordable housing tax credit.  On March 14, a substitute version of this bill was accepted by the House Economic & Workforce Development Committee.

Specifically, this measure will authorize a state LIHTC tax credit, up to $50MM, to piggyback off the federal credit, and it will incorporate OTAX-recommended language to address implementation hiccups.

Note the provisions of this bill were dropped into the state budget bill (Am. Sub. HB 33), described below, and signed into law.

HB 23  TRANSPORTATION BUDGET (Edwards, J.) Introduced on February 15, 2023, this is the State’s transportation bill, thereby appropriating $13.5B for programs during the State Fiscal Year (SFY) 2024 – SFY 2025 biennium.

An amended substitute cleared the entire House on March 1; on March 23, the Senate passed a substitute version of the bill adopted in its Transportation Committee.  Differences between the two versions were hashed out in Conference Committee, with both chambers adopting the final version of the bill on March 29.  The Governor signed the bill into law on March 31, 2023.

(Interestingly, the Senate’s substitute version removed the House’s approved language that would have created a $1B new Rural Highway Fund.  The Senate viewed the $1B as needing to remain in the General Revenue Fund; analysis showed the Fund would only apply to a dozen or so projects across Ohio (OEDA provided in-person testimony and written support to restore this $1B appropriation).  And the Senate version removed a provision that would have prohibited park district property from being included in SIDs.)

Appropriation line items of interest:

Among its provisions, this bill appropriates:

  • $15.2MM/year to ODOD for 629 Roadwork Development Grants
  • $124.6MM during the biennium to the Public Works Commission for the Local Transportation Improvement Program (LTIP)
  • $10MM to Ohio’s six Regional Transportation Planning Organizations (RTIPs) for a rural transportation planning grant program

Substantive law changes of interest:

The enacted bill changes Ohio law as follows:

  • ODOT Director (or designee) to serve as chair of the Ohio Rail Development Commission, not a Governor’s appointee; this change in board governance must occur by Oct. 21, 2025; Governor instead to appoint an additional member of the general public to the Commission
  • ODOT must submit regular expense reports to the General Assembly leadership as to loans and grants (e.g., 629 Roadwork) issued by ODOT
  • State Infrastructure Bank (SIB) loans made to a “small city” (i.e., 5,000 – 24,999 population, located outside of a metropolitan planning organization) must carry 0% interest. (Compare: current interest on SIB loans is 3%, with terms of up to 30 years.)
  • ODOT must receive approval from the Controlling Board prior to spending any federal Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act (IIJA) funds for EV charging stations
  • Enable multiple regional transit authorities to collaborate in providing workforce transit among territories to and from economically significant employment centers
  • Require ODOT to construct an interchange on I-71 near Brunswick-Strongsville (i.e., the Cuyahoga and Medina Counties’ line) – note Governor DeWine expressed concern with this item (although he did not line-item-veto the provision)
  • Mandate that trains operate with two-person crews
  • Analyze transportation links between Columbus and Sandusky as part of ODOT’s $10MM Strategic Transportation and Development Analysis, which must be completed by Dec. 31, 2024
  • Allow for Amtrak to build and provide rail service along corridors identified by the state, which is studying the feasibility of two potential corridors, including (i) to connect Cincinnati, Dayton, Columbus and Cleveland, known as the “3C+D Corridor” and (ii) connection between Cleveland and Detroit with a stop in Toledo.
  • Allows for the sale to Norfolk Southern of the Cincinnati Southern Railway, the only municipally owned railroad in America.

HB 27  HIGHER EDUCATION COST (Mathews, A. Thomas, J.)  Introduced in February 2023, this bill ostensibly requires state institutions of higher education to provide financial cost and aid disclosure forms; the bill, in its original form, passed the House on May 24, 2023 (87-1).  The measure has become a vehicle for the Senate’s capital budget bill-like requests.  After being reported out on February 28, 2024, by the Senate Workforce & Higher Education Committee, the full Senate approved the measure that same day (30-2), but only after adopting a floor amendment with school and public works project appropriations.

The floor amendment included:

  • $600MM for the Ohio School Building Assistance Fund;
  • $575MM for the Public Works Commission; and,
  • $196MM in continued funding for the Ohio Expositions Commission ‘s Expo 2050 project, per Governor DeWine’s request.

Note this action by the Senate is the manifestation of internal divisions among Statehouse Republicans, pitting HB 2 (described above), which includes the House’s $1B plan for K-12 and public works projects, against this Senate-changed measure that requires concurrence by the House.

HB 33  OPERATING BUDGET (Edwards, J.) Introduced on February 15, 2023, this is the State’s biennial budget bill, for state fiscal year (SFY) 2024 ($27.9B in state General Revenue Fund (GRF) spending) and SFY 2025 ($29.4B in GRF spending).  The entire budget appropriates $95B in spending for SFY 2024 and $95.7B for SFY 2025 (across all funds maintained by the State treasury).

On April 17, the House Finance Committees released a substitute version of the bill, and the Committee issued additional amendments to the bill on April 24, which received bipartisan approval in the entire House on April 26.  The Senate Finance Committee accepted a substitute version of the bill on June 6, which version was met with considerable push-back from various interest groups.  In response, the Senate Finance Committee reported-out a further-amended version on June 14, which was passed by the entire Senate on June 15 – strictly on a party-line vote.  The 883 points of difference (reportedly a modern day record) in the House and Senate-versions were handled via Conference Committee, but during negotiations, legislators grew concerned the budget would not be signed (i.e., enacted) by the constitutional deadline of midnight on June 30.  As such, a three-day interim budget added by the Senate to an unrelated measure (SB 31) was approved and signed June 30, extending the-then current biennial budget funding levels (HB 110, 134th General Assembly) through July 3.  On June 30, the Senate first adopted the Conference Committee report on a 25-6 vote and then the House by a 67-30 margin; Governor DeWine signed the measure into law on July 3, having made 44 line-item vetoes.

Appropriation line items of interest:

  • Creates the One Time Strategic Community Investment Fund for capital projects, appropriating $750MM, which includes:
    • $500MM to ODOT in SFY 2024 for the new Connect4Ohio Fund, the rural highway fund that had been proposed in the state’s Transportation Bill (HB 23). The Fund defines eligible “rural” counties as those lacking a city with 55,000 population or more, using the most recent 10-year census (see uncodified Sec. 755.30).
  • Creates the All Ohio Future Fund (R.C. 126.62), appropriating $40MM in SFY 2024 for site-readiness and preparation for large economic development projects; directed to site opportunities for projects similar to Intel.
    • Ohio OBM also transferred $667MM in cash to the Fund created by R.C. 126.62, comprised of one-time surplus cash-on-hand from the State’s General Revenue Fund as of FYE 2023 (see uncodified Sec. 513.10).
    • Governor DeWine line-item-vetoed House-added language that authorized cost recovery for electric distribution utilities and electric cooperatives for “planning, development and construction of utility infrastructure.”
    • Otherwise, the Conference Committee expanded the All Ohio Future Fund, as to electric, natural gas, “and other infrastructure improvements”.
  • Renews $350MM to Ohio’s Brownfield Remediation Program ($175MM during each SFY 2024 and 2025) and $150MM (SFY 2024) to the Ohio Demolition and Site Revitalization Program.
    • During each year of the biennium, $1M in Brownfield Remediation funds will be set aside for each county, leaving $87MM/year available as first-come, first-served funding.
    • During SFY 2024, $500,000 in Demolition funds will be set aside for each county.
    • Ohio OBM also transferred $500MM in cash to the respective Funds, comprised of one-time surplus cash-on-hand from the State’s General Revenue Fund as of FYE 2023 (see uncodified Sec. 513.10).
  • $30MM to the Rural Industrial Loan Park Fund ($15MM during each SFY 2024 and 2025). Loans are capped at $4MM/project (see uncodified Sec. 259.50).
  • Increased appropriations to the 629 Roadwork Development Grant to $31.4MM in SFY 2024 and $25.2MM in SFY 2025, of which $10MM of each such year’s amount allocated to Licking County to improve local roads impacted by the Intel development, with $6.2MM in SFY 2024 allocated to Fayette County to improve local roads (Honda EV plant).
  • $20MM to the Foundation for Appalachian Ohio.
  • $1M during SFY 2024 for the Center for Advanced Manufacturing and Logistics.

Substantive law changes of interest:

The bill would change Ohio law as follows:

  • Collapses the State’s income tax structure from four to two brackets, with the annual income threshold between the two tax brackets set at $100,000.
  • Modifies the criteria as to “distressed area” for the Rural Industrial Park Loan Program (R.C. 122.23) and requires ODOD to update every 10 years – rather than annually – the list of counties and municipalities that qualify as such.
  • Modifies the Ohio Residential Broadband Expansion Grant Program (R.C. 122.40 et seq.) to include the concept of “extremely high cost per location threshold area” in scoring grant applications and awarding funds.
  • Alters Ohio Brownfield Program (R.C. 122.6511) and Ohio Building Demolition and Site Revitalization Program (R.C. 122.6512) setting forth singly named grant recipients – “lead entities” – to receive the respective funding: county land banks (if one is in operation) or ODOD-selected entities. Only lead entities are authorized to submit grant applications to ODOD, with further downstream recipients of those funds as “may include,” and therefore not limited to, local governments, nonprofit organizations, community development corporations, regional planning commissions, county land banks, and community action agencies; note that private entities are not explicitly identified as a potential grant recipient.
    • For counties with <100,000 population (per the most recent 10-year census), county commissioners are to submit a recommended lead applicant to ODOD for approval.
    • For counties with >100,000 population, county land banks are the lead applicant, and if such counties do not have a land bank, county commissioners are to submit a recommendation to ODOD for the entity that should serve as the lead applicant.
  • Tweaks Ohio’s film tax credit (R.C. 122.85) to reserve $5MM of the annual $50MM available in tax credits for Broadway theatrical productions, with any such balance remaining each year to be carried-forward to the following state fiscal year.
  • NEW R.C. 122.631 et seq. establishes within ODOD the Welcome Home Ohio grant and tax credit program. During each SFY 2024 and SFY 2025, ODOD directed to award, exclusively to land banks, $25MM in purchase-grant and $25MM in rehab/construction-grant funds, as well as award $25MM/year in tax credits to a limited set of eligible entities.   These public financing tools are available for the development of single-family residential units comprising at least 1,000 square feet of living space.  Bricker Graydon published an article summarizing this program at
  • Authorizes up to $100MM in nonrefundable tax credits for investments in the development and construction of affordable single-family housing; this functions as a state-level low income housing tax credit (LIHTC) under NEW R.C. 175.16 et seq., which mirrors the federal LIHTC used by affordable housing developers.
  • New Community Authorities, in R.C. Chapter 349, expanded to include certain townships as organizational boards of commissioners in creating NCAs. Similarly, the list of statutory developers, which current R.C. 349.01 includes municipalities and counties, now includes townships.
  • NEW R.C. 715.693 regarding JEDZs (R.C. 715.691) and Joint Economic Development Review Councils (R.C. 715.692), and changes to Community Improvement Corporations (R.C. 1724.11), collectively allow these entities to hold remote (i.e., interactive video or teleconference) meetings otherwise prohibited under Ohio’s Sunshine Laws.
  • Changes R.C. Chapter 2329 to allow for the use of private selling officers, or PSOs, to sell foreclosed property, rather than county sheriffs, and requires that selling officers provide notice to land banks of pending sales.
  • Amends current OAQDA law (R.C. Chapter 3706; and see NEW R.C. 503.59) to enable townships and municipalities with ESIDs to levy special assessments on real property in the context of OAQDA-financed projects, upon request by the property owner.
  • Extends by 15 years the continued authority of JobsOhio to receive the State’s spirituous liquor distribution revenues.
  • Changes to Ohio’s tax increment financing (TIF) law as follows:
    • “Restart the clock” changes to municipal TIFs (R.C. 5709.40) and township TIFs (R.C. 5709.73): legislative authority may remove TIF exemption from any “nonperforming parcels,” which are TIF’ed parcels for which PILOTs are required to be made, but for which no such payments have been remitted since the TIF commenced. And once removed from the previous TIF, those “nonperforming parcels” then can be included in another TIF.  The amending legislation must list such nonperforming parcels and their value history since the original enabling legislation had been approved.
    • “Residential Incentive District extension” change: allow municipalities to extend, by another 15 years, the exemption period of certain incentive district TIFs – approved prior to January 2006 – beyond the 30-year cap under current law (R.C. 5709.40(C)); the extension may be by amending the original enabling ordinance.
    • “Super-long TIF” change: R.C. 5709.51 modified to enable up to 60-year TIFs (with years 31-60 treated as “non-school,” meaning schools are to receive their entire millage amounts as if no exemption were present) as to any “parcel” TIF (i.e., municipal TIFs under R.C. 5709.40(B), R.C. 5709.41, township TIFs under R.C. 5709.73(B), and county TIFs under R.C. 5709.78(A)) whereby either $1.5M has been collected in annual service payments in lieu of taxes (PILOTs) or the legislative authority projects such amount of PILOTs will be collected.
    • “Robin Hood TIF” change: ODOD-listed impacted cities (R.C. 1728.01) are authorized through SFY 2024 for “remote” use of parcel TIF revenues under R.C. 5709.40(B), whereby PILOTs from one TIF project may be deployed for “urban redevelopment” needs elsewhere in the impacted city without regard to parcels directly benefitting such TIF-funded improvements (i.e., removes the nexus heretofore required when using PILOT revenues in and around TIF projects) (see uncodified Sec. 757.70).
  • Changes Regional Transportation Improvement Projects (RTIPs) to authorize their governing boards to create county-wide transportation financing districts (R.C. 5709.48) that allow up to 100%, 30-year real property tax exemptions related to transportation improvements and “opportunity corridor improvements” (i.e., transportation improvements within 2,500 ft. of rights-of-way to make for economic development opportunities). Such districts exclude residential and already-TIF’ed parcels.  (And see R.C. 5595.01 et seq.)
  • NEW R.C. 5709.56 creates new tax exemption authority for “pre-residential development property.” Exempts unimproved land that has been subdivided for residential development. Exemption available by right, for up to eight years, or until construction begins or the land is sold. (Does not apply to land already subject to a TIF.)
  • Extends the statutory sunset date for Qualified Energy Projects R.C. 5727.75(E) to 2029.
  • NEW R.C. 5739.093 authorizes certain counties and municipalities to designate a convention center headquarters hotel and divert its respective lodging tax revenue to fund projects related to such hotels and convention centers. Such redirected lodging tax revenue may be paid directly to convention facilities authorities, port authorities, or agents of the counties and municipalities.

HB 50  HOUSING (Humphrey, L., Seitz, B.) Introduced on February 15, 2023, this bill originally addressed incarcerated persons’ re-entry obtaining certificates of qualification for housing (as relief from certain bars on housing).  The measure passed the House on May 24, 2023 (81-8).

In the Senate, the Community Revitalization Committee amended the bill on April 23, 2024, to includes changes to the Pre-Residential Development Abatement program (R.C. 5709.56).  Namely, to only require that property owners apply for the exemption to their respective county auditor, rather filing for the exemption with the Ohio Tax Commissioner.

On May 7, 2024, the Senate Community Revitalization Committee reported-out the bill with the change in the Pre-Residential Development Abatement program; on May 8, the bill passed the entire Senate (29-1).  The bill was delivered on June 11 to the Governor for his signature.

HB 85  LAND BANKS (Patton, T.)  Introduced on February 28, 2023, this bill seeks to expand the methods by which land banks can acquire delinquent property.  The bill grants political subdivisions and land banks at foreclosure sales the right of first refusal to purchase occupied delinquent land within the respective subdivisions’ boundaries; the intention is to keep home occupants from being displaced when a delinquent landowner fails to pay taxes resulting in a tax foreclosure and ultimate forfeiture of the property. By design, the political subdivision or land bank, within three business days after a foreclosure sale, could provide written notice of its intent – and then can buy – the property for the highest-bid amount. (This is intended to address situations in which absentee landlords, having failed to pay real property taxes on occupied homes, are continuing to collect rent payments from tenants; a similar program operates in Michigan through Detroit’s Make it Home Program.)

This is similar legislation to that introduced in this General Assembly responding to the concept of “equity theft” in tax foreclosure sales (see HB 153 and HB 390).

Specifically, the bill does the following:

  • Changes R.C. 5721.191 as to how tax-foreclosed properties are advertised and sold; inserts county Boards of Revision (BOR) as appropriate venues for tax foreclosure cases; and, requires that advertisements for the sale of tax-foreclosed property state that land banks have right of first refusal to match the highest bid offered
  • Creates new R.C. 5722.032 to provide an alternative way to send abandoned property to land banks – via sale to such land banks without advertisement, so long as the amount they pay is the greater of the amount of delinquent taxes or the property’s FMV; those with interests in the property may claim any excess proceeds from such sale (i.e., the potential “taking” of home equity), and if nobody claims any interests in the property, the land bank may buy the property for only the amount of the delinquent taxes due
  • Creates new R.C. 5722.033 to provide land banks with the right of first refusal in any sheriff’s sale of tax-foreclosed abandoned property, whereby the land bank is empowered to match, within 30 days, the highest bidder at such sale

On May 14, 2023, the bill had its third hearing in the House State & Local Government Committee.

HB 96  MINIMUM WAGE (Jarrells, D., Mohamed, I.)  Introduced on March 7, 2023, this bill seeks to increase the state’s minimum wage.

HB 121  MUNICIPAL INCOME TAX (Robb Blasdel, M., Mathews, A.)  Introduced on March 21, 2023, this bill allows businesses with remote workers to use a modified municipal income tax apportionment formula.  Specifically, the bill allows for an opt-in method by businesses in Ohio to consolidate and simplify tax filings for remote workers.

On May 16, the House Ways & Means Committee reported-out an amended version of the bill, which removed any requirement for employers to notify municipalities in which work-from-home workers are living and working.  On June 14, the measure passed the House by unanimous vote.

HB 153  ABANDONED LAND (Hillyer, B.)  Introduced on April 18, 2023, this bill seeks to limit which “abandoned land” – as defined in Ohio’s land banking statutes (R.C. Chapter 5722) – may be subject to certain expedited foreclosure proceedings.  Specifically, this bill allows a transfer of abandoned property without a public sale only if the total tax delinquency, including foreclosure costs, exceeds the property’s fair market value. That is, this bill requires that any property with a fair market value greater than the amount of delinquent taxes must be offered at a public sale.

This proposed change to land banking law is in response to complaints winding through federal and state courts asserting that land banks are engaging in “takings” under the Fifth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution (i.e., direct transfers to land banks of abandoned land are “taking” any pent-up equity in property value still held by the tax delinquent land owner.)

This is similar to legislation introduced in this General Assembly responding to the concept of “equity theft” in tax foreclosure sales (see HB 85 and HB 390).

On October 31, the House State & Local Government Committee held its third hearing, during which it heard from the Ohio Land Bank Association.  The OLBA noted the as-written proposal does not protect homeowners, and that rather than discarding Ohio’s current expedited foreclosure system, it would be better to simply amend the statutes (R.C. 323.65 et seq.) to make it absolutely clear that any person with an interest in tax-foreclosed property could request a public auction of the property at any time during the foreclosure proceedings.

HB 187  PROPERTY TAX (Hall, T. Bird, A.)  This bill, introduced May 24, 2023, passed the entire House on October 11, 2023.  The measure makes changes to state law governing real property valuation and tax complaints.  It also modifies the procedures used by the Tax Commissioner to conduct property tax sales-assessment ratio studies.

Ostensibly, this bill originated as a legislative response to the prospect of rapidly increasing real property tax liabilities, with the General Assembly initially proposing OTAX be forced to temporarily use a three-year average of sales-based valuations versus the most recent year when determining property values (with similar handling for CAUV valuations).

On December 6, 2023, the Senate Ways & Means Committee reported-out a substitute version of the bill, in which the Committee expanded Ohio’s homestead exemption to protect against rapid tax increases.  The substitute version passed the entire Senate the same day (31-0), with an emergency clause to make the bill effective upon the Governor’s signature.

Notable for economic developers, the substitute version also includes uncodified language in which real property acquired by municipalities and CICs – during very specific time periods in the years 2013, 2008, 2006, and 2000 – may be treated as tax-exempt, with any unpaid taxes, penalties and interest thereby abated by the Ohio Tax Commissioner (see Section 3 of the bill).

HB 201 MOTOR VEHICLE SALES (Hillyer, B. Demetriou, S.)  Introduced on June 6, 2023, this bill was introduced ostensibly to ban public entities from prohibiting the use or sale of automobiles based on their power source; the bill also prohibits Ohio from adopting motor vehicle emissions standards set by California.  That original bill cleared the House in November 2023.

Of importance to economic developers, the Senate Energy & Public Utilities Committee inserted language on December 12, 2023, allowing for natural gas companies to recover their cost from utility customers (at $1.50/month) to extend utility service to new development projects.  Specifically, the bill was amended to direct the PUCO to authorize the Infrastructure Development Rider mechanism to allow recovery for natural gas infrastructure extended to development projects supported by JobsOhio, its REDO network, and ODOD.  (Eligible infrastructure costs include upgrades, extensions, and other investments.)   This cost recovery feature for natural gas development would sunset in six years.

On December 13, 2023, the Senate Energy & Public Utilities Committee reported-out the measure; that same day, the bill was approved by the full Senate (23-8) and received a  concurrence vote in the House (60-31).  Governor DeWine signed this bill into law on December 28, 2023.

HB 211  PUBLIC MEETINGS (Gross, J.) Introduced on June 13, 2023, this bill requires a public body to permit members of the public to comment or testify about matters of public concern before the public body at its public meeting.  Under Ohio’s current Open Meetings Act (R.C. 121.22), public bodies are not required to hear comments from members of the public (the law guarantees the right to observe a meeting, but not necessarily the right to be heard; see Forman v. Blaser (3rd Dist., Seneca County, Aug. 8, 1988).

HB 212  PROPERTY PROTECTION ACT (King A)  Introduced on June 13, 2023, this bill extends the law that prohibits certain governments, businesses, and individuals from acquiring agricultural land to certain other property and to name this act the Ohio Property Protection Act.  Note the companion bill in the upper chamber (SB 226).

In April 2024, the House Civil Justice Committee accepted a substitute version of the bill, which imposes the ownership restrictions on (i) any individual who is a citizen of a “foreign adversary” regardless of dual citizenship; (ii) a business headquartered in a foreign adversary; (iii) an agent, fiduciary or trustee of any of the aforementioned people; and (iv) a business directly or indirectly owned or controlled by the aforementioned people.

On June 4, 2024, the House Civil Justice Committee held its fourth hearing on the measure.

HB 257  ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURE (Hoops, J. Claggett, T.) Introduced on August 22, 2023, this bill authorizes certain public bodies to meet virtually (i.e., via teleconference or video conference).  Those entities that can hold remote meetings are defined via exclusion; that is, any such public body that is not the following: Ohio General Assembly, any court, the State Board of Education, the BWC Board of Directors, the Ohio Elections Commission, boards of county commissioners, boards of township trustees, the legislative authorities of municipal corporations or charter counties, boards of education, and boards of elections.

On November 14, the House Government Oversight Committee reported-out the bill with several amendments, two of which are noteworthy: (i) requires notification of a virtual meeting or hearing to include an agenda; and (ii) requires that participants in a meeting be seen during the proceedings.

The entire House approved this measure (by a 73-3 vote) on November 29, 2023.

The Senate Government Oversight Committee held its first hearing, to receive sponsor testimony, on February 28, 2024.  Rep. James Hoops (R-Napoleon) said the use of excluding language (as to which bodies cannot use virtual participation) was by design: “With the addition of non-permitted organizations, new committees and organizations would be given access to virtual meetings automatically unless a policy change was made to the legislation.”

As to what meeting business constitutes a “major nonroutine expenditure” or “significant hiring decision,” both of which are barred from taking place during virtual meetings, the sponsor stated the public entity must create a policy determining what meets such a threshold.

HB 301 NONPROFIT CORPORATION LAW CHANGES (Swearingen, D.) Introduced on October 18, 2023, this bill seeks to amend the Nonprofit Corporation Law and the law governing dissolving corporations.

On February 6, 2024, the House Civil Justice Committee held its fifth hearing, amending the measure and reporting it out to the entire House, the latter of which unanimously passed the bill on April 24 (89-0).  On June 18, 2024, the bill had its second hearing in the Senate Judiciary Committee.

HB 304  GOVERNMENT COMMISSION (Hall, T., Miller, M.)  Introduced on October 18, 2023, this bill will enact new R.C. 701.11 to create the State and Municipal Government Commission, which such 13-member commission would analyze and report on Municipal Home Rule authority in Ohio.

HB 315  TOWNSHIPS  (Hall, T. Seitz, B.)  Introduced on November 2, 2023, this is an omnibus township law reform bill. 

On June 18, 2024, the bill had its first hearing before the House Finance Committee, which is reviewing the bill after having been reported-out by the House State & Local Government Committee.

Of note to economic developers, the bill includes $1.5MM per state fiscal year to help townships modernize their zoning regulations.  And testimony was heard to re-insert language – removed during the most recent set of amendments to the bill – to allow urban townships to create new community authorities under R.C. Chapter 349.

HB 340   ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT (Peterson, B. Dobos, D.)  Introduced on November 28, 2023, this bill authorizes ODOD to administer an employee mobility grant program.  Specifically, this measure would enact new R.C. 122.97 to create an employer grant program to offset the cost of charting commuter vehicles for their employees; transportation must be in a commuter highway vehicle, driven by qualifying driving service.  Grants, up to $15,000 per employer, per year, would be payable when such employers are located in a county with < 50,000 population, with the actual grant amount calculated on the basis of employees’ commuting expenses.

On June 18, 2024, the bill had its third hearing in the House Economic & Workforce Development Committee.

HB 344  PROPERTY TAX LEVIES, COMPLAINTS (Mathews A., Hall T,)  Introduced on November 29, 2023, this bill seeks to eliminate the authority to levy replacement property tax levies.  The measure also modifies Ohio law governing certain property tax complaints.

On April 30, 2024, the House Ways & Means Committee held its sixth hearing, during which it reported-out a substitute version of the bill.

HB 349   GAS PRODUCTION INCENTIVES  (Barhorst, T. Jones, D.)  This bill was introduced on December 4, 2023, and authorizes the creation of areas within which incentives are available to encourage the development of natural gas pipelines and other infrastructure.

Specifically, the bill would enact new R.C. 122.161 and R.C. 122.162 to designate territory in political subdivisions as EnergizeOhio zones to address natural gas infrastructure deficiencies, in which Pipeline Easement Revolving Loan Funds may be deployed.

On June 11, 2024, the bill had its fifth hearing in the House Economic & Workforce Development Committee, during which the Committee reported-out an amended version of the bill.  Changes were made to the program name – “EnergizeOhio” Loan Fund – and the funding source – $20MM transferred from the state’s General Revenue Fund (the bill’s previous version established a new “Pipeline Easement” Loan Fund funding sourced from the Facilities Establishment Fund.)

HB 358 GEOLOGIC CARBON SEQUESTRATION  (Robb Blasdel, M.) Introduced on December 6, 2023, this bill serves as a placeholder legislative vehicle stating the General Assembly’s intent to regulate carbon capture and storage technologies in Ohio.  Note the companion measure in the upper chamber (SB 200).

On June 12, 2024, the bill had its first hearing in the House Energy & Natural Resources Committee.

HB 375  LAND BANK LAW (Demetriou, S. Patton, T.)  Introduced on January 8, 2024, this bill seeks to make changes to the law relating to tax foreclosures and county land reutilization corporations.  Specifically, the measure represents an omnibus reform and clarification package of changes to the State’s tax foreclosure statutes (R.C. Chapter 323) and land bank statutes (R.C. Chapter 5722).

This is the third such omnibus reform measure introduced during the past several General Assemblies (see HB 755 and its companion SB 356 in the 133rd General Assembly (August 2020); and see HB 241 and its companion SB 112 in the 134th General Assembly (March 2021)).

Included in the bill’s clean-up language is a provision that modifies Ohio’s sheriff sale process to align with the recent U.S. Supreme Court decision in Tyler v. Hennepin County to give owners and interest holders of foreclosed properties an “absolute right” to expose their property to such a sale.

On June 11, 2024, the bill had its third hearing in the House Economic & Workforce Development Committee.

HB 390  PROPERTY FORECLOSURE SALES (Brown, R. Swearingen, D.)  Introduced on February 1, 2024, this bill seeks to revise the law relating to the notice of excess funds in real property foreclosure sales.

Specifically, the bill changes the process in judgment sales of tax-foreclosed properties to require any excess in sheriff sale proceeds (beyond the value of the impositions due) be returned to holders of interest in the subject property.  This is yet another piece of legislation introduced in this General Assembly responding to the concept of “equity theft” in tax foreclosure sales (see HB 85, HB 153, and HB 375).

On May 7, 2024, the House Civil Justice Committee held its fourth hearing, during which it reported-out the measure.

HB 415  STATE COMMISSIONS (Jarrells, D. Santucci, N.)  Introduced on February 15, 2024, this bill seeks to create the Ohio Sports Commission.

HB 435  GRANT PROGRAMS  (Santucci, N. Demetriou, S.)  Introduced on February 27, 2024, this bill seeks to enact new R.C. 122.162 to create within ODOD the Manufacturing Technologies Assistance Grant Program, with each such grant capped at $150,000.  The bill, as introduced, appropriates $12 million to the new program in State Fiscal Year 2025.

On June 18, 2024, the House Finance Committee held its second hearing on the measure.

HB 455  IRELAND TRADE COMMISSION (Patton, T. Manning, G.)  Introduced on March 27, 2024, this bill seeks to establish the Ohio Ireland Trade Commission.  Note the companion bill in the upper chamber (SB 195).  (Note the companion bill in the upper chamber: SB 195.)

On June 11, 2024, the House Government Oversight Committee held its third hearing, during which it reported-out the bill.

HB 499  HOUSING (Isaacsohn, D. Mathews, A.) Introduced on April 22, 2024, this bipartisan bill seeks to enact new R.C. 175.41 to create the Ohio Housing Fund, to be administered by OHFA.  This Fund is to be sourced by eliminating the non-business credit for property owners who do not live at the property (R.C. 319.302); the bill sponsors stated publicly that eliminating this partial tax exemption for leased single, double, and three-family dwellings is estimated to generate up to $150MM/year in recovered revenue.

From the Fund, OHFA may award grants to townships and municipalities that adopt at least three of 12 pro-housing policies (new R.C. 175.42); such policies include eliminating parking minimums, reducing single family zoning, allowing accessory dwellings (i.e., mother-in-law units), increasing density, speeding up permitting, and allowing for modular housing. The Fund also may be used for grants for housing developments within 20 miles of megaprojects (new R.C. 175.43) – note this bill changes CRA law to allow up to 30-year abatements to said housing developments (R.C. 3735.67).

This bill was heard for the third time on June 11 by the House Government Oversight Committee.

HB 519  CLEAN OHIO FUND (Hall, T. Sweeney, B.)  Introduced on May 8, 2024, this bill seeks to restore the Clean Ohio Fund at ODOD and re-establish the now-repealed Clean Ohio provisions in state law (R.C. 122.65 et seq.)

HB 540  CALL CENTERS (McNally, L.)  Introduced on May 15, 2024, this bill seeks to enact new R.C. 4113.90 to limit call centers that relocate to a foreign country from receiving, for five years, state grants, loans, and other benefits, and requires clawback of any such assistance paid to the relocating call center.

HB 543  PROPERTY TAXES (Blackshear, W. Willis, B.) Introduced on May 15, 2024, this bill seeks to enact new R.C. Sec. 319.204 to require property taxes and assessments to be paid when a lot is split or transferred.  Further, the bill prohibits delinquent property owners from purchasing tax-foreclosed property.

HB 596  TAX INCREMENT FINANCING (Robinson, P.) Introduced on May 15, 2024, this bill requires school board approval of municipal incentive district TIF structures.  In effect, municipal incentive district TIFs (R.C. 5709.40(C)) lose the statutory thresholds under which school district approval is not required.  Rather, an incentive district (residential) TIF exemption – of any level up to 100%, and for any duration up to 30 years – must receive the approval of the impacted school board or otherwise make the schools whole.

HB 616  WATER IMPROVEMENT DISTRICTS (Claggett, T.)  Introduced on June 3, 2024, this bill seeks to allow for the creation of Water Improvement Districts under new R.C. 6120.01 et seq.  (The bill includes an emergency clause, to allow for immediate effect upon enactment.)  Specifically, the bill would allow a board of county commissioners to create a Water Improvement District to facilitate, coordinate, fund, finance, construct, and repair waste water or water projects. 

Such districts would be bodies corporate and politic, and prior to undertaking projects, their five-member boards of trustees would be required to enter into intergovernmental agreements with the federal government, units of state government, local political subdivisions, port authorities, and other district forms (e.g., park districts, soil and water conservation districts).  Districts would have the authority to issue water improvement district revenue bonds and economic development-related bonds (i.e., Ohio Constitution, Art. VIII, Sec. 13) to fund projects.  Districts would have the authority to levy special assessments to fund public improvements, which include the construction or repair of any waste water or water management facility.

HB 629 CAPITAL APPROPRIATIONS (Edwards, J.)  Introduced on June 17, 2024, this is the lower chamber’s capital bill; note the companion bill in the upper chamber (SB 292).  This $4.2B bill provides authorization and conditions for the operation of certain state programs, to make capital appropriations and reappropriations for the state fiscal years 2025 – 2026 biennium (i.e., through June 30, 2026).  The bill includes an emergency provision, allowing it to take immediate effect upon the Governor’s signature.

Note this bill includes the $700MM One-Time Strategic Community Investment Fund allocations (see also HB 2 and SB 288).

This bill sets forth appropriations for Ohio Facilities Construction Commission school building project funding ($611.7MM), Ohio Public Works Commission local infrastructure projects ($575.3MM), and community project funding for parks, arts, recreation and other local initiatives.