Tracked House Bills – September 2020
Bricker & Eckler LLP
News from the Statehouse:
New Round of Coronavirus Relief Fund Payments to Local Governments
A new proposed funding formula for the final $650 million tranche of Coronavirus Relief Fund payments to Ohio local governments is included in the fast-tracked Senate Bill 357 (described more fully, below). This latest legislative vehicle to distribute federal CARES Act funds to Ohio units of local government will reflect some changes from previous Coronavirus Relief Fund distributions (e.g., HB 481’s distribution of $350 million): extending the deadlines imposed on Ohio local governments to spend their federal money; and the funds-distribution formula moves away from the 2019 Local Government Fund formula (used under HB 481) and instead uses a per capita basis.
Senate Democrats expressed concern the formula change would disadvantage governments with larger populations and show preference to rural counties. The Democrats’ concerns appear validated, as the Senate Majority Caucus prepared estimates showing significant differences between the two ways to allocate funding. By way of example, in Hamilton County the City of Cincinnati will receive about $10.9 million under the per capita formula, but would have received more than $28 million under the LGF distribution. By contrast, the Village of Cleves, also in Hamilton County, will receive around $121,000 under the per capita formula, as compared to less than $53,000 under the LGF formula. In response, Senate Republicans noted the prior LGF-based distribution benefited more urban areas at a time when the coronavirus was disproportionately affecting urban areas, but the virus situation has changed (e.g., Ohio’s Top 10 COVID-19 hotspot counties are overwhelmingly rural).
Of the overall $1.2 billion sent to local entities before and including SB 357, 48% will go to cities, 18% will go to townships and 34% will go to counties. Local government groups, including OML, CCAO, and the Ohio Township Association expressed support for SB 357 in written testimony.
In early September, Bricker produced for OEDA a summary review of the legislative measures to-date in Ohio to push out Coronavirus Relief Fund payments to units of local government.
HB 6 Repeal Effort
On August 31, Speaker Bob Cupp announced any House bills aiming to repeal or replace HB 6 must go through a special committee – the new House Select Committee on Energy Policy & Oversight. The House immediately referred three bills to the new panel – two repeal measures (HB 738 & HB 746, both of which are discussed below) and one to reverse budget language on significantly excessive earnings determinations for utility companies (HB 740). The speaker said the chamber wants to “act expeditiously” on the issue. Given the structure of the House, the speaker’s move allows HB 6 repeal measures to bypass the House Energy & Natural Resources Committee which is led by Rep. Nino Vitale, who disfavors a full repeal and is one of a handful of House members seeking to impeach Governor DeWine over his handling of the COVID-19 pandemic response.
On September 1, Speaker Cupp abruptly adjourned the House’s first return session since former Speaker Householder’s arrest to preemptively block Democrats from offering several planned amendments to repeal HB 6. This move left nine unaddressed bills on the House calendar. The dispute arose when Democrats’ proposed amendments would have forced Republicans to vote multiple times against repealing HB6, and would have resulted in less favorable optics for Republican House members.
In early September, Speaker Cupp named 15 members to the new select committee, with Rep. Jim Hoops (R-Napoleon) to chair the panel and Rep. David Leland (D-Columbus) as the ranking member. Notably, a majority of the panel’s members did not support HB6 originally.
During the Select committee’s first set of hearings, bill sponsors in both parties sought to push back by some lawmakers that House Bill 6 is sound policy despite its alleged criminal underpinnings. Defenders of HB 6 remained vocal in their support of nuclear power and the State’s existing energy policy. In response, the Democratic plan’s co-sponsor, Rep. Skindell, noted: “Legislation adopted by means of corruption is in-and-of-itself corrupt.”
Clawback of GM Tax Credits
The Ohio Tax Credit Authority delayed taking any action in August as to whether General Motors must pay back $60 million in state tax credits after closing its Lordstown plant. The Authority’s removed two GM-related items from its August 31 agenda; Attorney General Dave Yost said the meeting marked the second time the Authority has convened since he recommended 100% clawback of tax credits awarded to GM to hire and retain 3,700 workers at its Lordstown assembly plant until 2040. The Ohio Development Services Agency said the delay was not atypical. A second GM-related item – new state tax credits for its joint venture with South Korean-based LG Chem to manufacture electric vehicle battery cells in Lordstown – also was removed from the Authority’s August 31 agenda. (That project, known as Ultium Cells, involves commitments of up to $2.3 billion in fixed asset investment and 1,100 new jobs in Ohio.) AG Yost offered some choice words for the delay, noting the clawback matter is “ripe for a decision. It may be overripe. It’s starting to feel like a really squishy tomato that got left at the back of the refrigerator.” The Attorney General has opined GM should not be awarded any further tax credits until the original Lordstown agreement is resolved. ODSA informed GM in a March letter it intended to recommend the Authority terminate its tax credit agreement and seek a 100% clawback, with interest. On Tuesday, September 1, DeWine administration officials revealed efforts are underway to work out an agreement with GM as to the $60 million clawback.
Business Liability during COVID-19
The Ohio House voted on Tuesday, September 1 to send House Bill 606 to conference committee to resolve differences with the Senate. This bill (described more fully below) provides liability protections for businesses and healthcare institutions operating during the COVID-19 pandemic. A number of statewide business groups, such as the Ohio Business Roundtable and healthcare associations, support HB 606. House Democrats did not support inserting an emergency clause into the bill, meaning the measure will not take effect immediately upon Governor DeWine’s signature (if signed into law). As such, the conference committee extended the bill’s expiration date from year-end 2020 to September 30, 2021. On September 2, the Senate voted final passage of HB 606 and the Governor signed the measure into law on September 14.
Ohio Designated a Defense Manufacturing Community
The U.S. Department of Defense has labeled the state as a Defense Manufacturing Community under a program to boost innovation and expand defense manufacturing. Ohio applying for $5 million in federal grant funds to help manufacturers adopt new technology to make the state a top defense supplier, and to help workers prepare for new high-tech jobs. The state’s Development Services Agency – Manufacturing Extension Partnership will lead the effort, with help from the Ohio Manufacturers’ Association and JobsOhio.
JobsOhio’s Ohio To Work Initiative
On September 15, Governor DeWine and JobsOhio announced a pilot initiative called Ohio To Work. Now rolling out in Cleveland-Cuyahoga County, the initiative will help connect Ohioans looking for a job to a new job opportunity. Business groups have been working with JobsOhio to spread awareness of the program to Ohio employers in the Cleveland region. More information is available at www.OhioToWork.com.
On September 1, White House Chief of Staff Mark Meadows told media outlets that aid to state and local governments remains the biggest obstacle to a new federal COVID-19 relief deal. He further noted progress is being made in negotiations with Congressional Democrats, the latter of which have advocated for nearly $1 trillion in aid to municipalities hit by revenue shortfalls from the COVID-19 public health emergency. He noted some aspects of a potential relief bill have bipartisan support, such as direct payments to workers and more money for small businesses. But the White House and Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell remain opposed to the Democrats’ proposed relief amounts for unemployment assistance and funding for state and local governments.
On September 10, the results of those negotiations ended with the U.S. Senate failing to advance a Republican proposal, deemed the “skinny” coronavirus relief bill. This was the first vote by the chamber on legislation related to the pandemic since returning from its August recess. The $500 billion proposal included $105 billion for schools and universities, $31 billion for developing vaccines and providing medical supplies, and a redesigned Paycheck Protection Program to offer “second draw” loans.
In more positive news, the Federal Reserve Bank of Boston on September announced that the Main Street Lending Program is now fully operational and is accepting submissions for eligible loans to nonprofit organizations, submitted by registered lenders. The Federal Reserve encourages registered lenders to begin submitting qualifying loans to nonprofit organizations and to continue submitting loans to for-profit entities. The Main Street Lending Program has been purchasing participations in loans to for-profit businesses since the beginning of July, but just now made these loan options available for nonprofits. Bricker presented to OEDA on elements of the Main Street Lending Program during summer 2020.
NON-COVID-19 BILLS (Changes from last month are noted in BOLD):
HB 6 ENERGY (Callender, J., Wilkin, S.) This new law took effect October 21, 2019 and supports FirstEnergy Solutions’ two Ohio nuclear plants by creating a surcharge beginning in 2021 to be paid by all Ohio electricity customers and overseen by the Ohio Air Quality Development Authority (“OAQDA”). The legislation provides the plants up to $150 million a year and eligible solar projects $20 million. The program would sunset December 31, 2026 with monthly customers’ charges capped at 85 cents for residential and $2,400 for large users. The bill also lowers the state’s renewable energy standards to 8.5% by 2026, enables the PUCO to end energy efficiency standards if the 17.5% target has been reached, and enables extension of cost recovery for the Ohio Valley Electric Corp.’s gas-fired plants. With the arrest of House Speaker Larry Householder, bipartisan plans began to take shape almost immediately to repeal HB 6’s nuclear subsidy. A minority party plan to repeal HB 6 is underway with HB 738 sponsored by Rep. Michael O’Brien (D-Warren), who co-chaired the House Energy Generation Subcommittee, and Rep. Michael Skindell (D-Lakewood). Similarly, a majority-led HB 746 has been sponsored by Rep. Mark Romanchuk (R-Mansfield) and Rep. Laura Lanese (R-Grove City). House Bill 6 passed with such narrow margins that it might not take many defections to repeal the law (the bill passed the House initially by three votes and the Senate by two votes). Groups interested in repeal include the Buckeye Institute, the Ohio Environmental Council and the Ohio Consumers Power Alliance. Although Governor DeWine initially stated that he supports the policy underlying HB 6 – Ohio’s balanced energy generation policy – as of late July, he began calling for the bill’s repeal and replacement, stating that it is “tainted” and that the corrupted process that resulted in the bill’s passage has eroded public trust.
HB 7 WATER FUND (Ghanbari, H., Patterson, J.) This bill, introduced May 13, 2019 would create the H2Ohio Trust Fund for the protection and preservation of Ohio’s water quality, create the H2Ohio Advisory Council to disburse money from the Fund for water quality programs, and create the H2Ohio Endowment Board to make recommendations to the Treasurer of State regarding the issuance of securities to pay for costs related to the purposes of the Fund. The bill was referred to the House Finance Committee where a substitute bill was approved on June 18. The revised bill passed in the House June 20 and would increase the cap on the annual disbursement of funds from $50 million to $100 million and eliminate the creation of the H2Ohio Advisory Council, instead vesting authority over the disbursements in the Ohio Water Development Authority. It also included a provision allowing the Department of Natural Resources to establish a pilot program to study water withdrawals by using streamflow monitoring in Eastern Ohio and another provision which enables the Controlling Board to approve or deny an amount recommended by the director of the Office of Budget Management for year-end unspent balances. It was referred to the Senate Finance Committee where a first hearing with sponsor testimony occurred October 22, 2019.
HB 13 BROADBAND (Carfagna, R., O’Brian, M.) As introduced May 16, 2019, this bill was based on a proposal that passed the House last year (HB 281, 132nd GA) and would have required the Development Services Agency (DSA) to establish the Residential Broadband Expansion (RBE) Program to provide grants to municipal corporations and townships (project sponsors) to help fund projects that provide broadband to any residential area within their boundaries that is without broadband (eligible area). It excludes as an eligible area under the RBE Program, any area that has received, or is designated to receive, any other state or federally funded grants that are designed to encourage broadband deployment. The program would allow the Director of DSA to accept applications from project sponsors each fiscal year, review each application within 60 days, and fund applications on a first-come, first-served basis until all program funds for the fiscal year are awarded. Program funds, up to $2 Million per biennium, would come from currently-budgeted DSA funds. On May 19, 2020, a substitute bill was accepted by the House Finance Committee that made changes to this proposed broadband grant program. Under the revised bill, local governments are no longer eligible to apply; instead, only video services providers, telecommunications/satellite broadcasters/wireless service providers may apply. The program will now be run by the Department of Commerce instead of the Development Services Agency. Grant award decisions will be made by a Broadband Expansion Program Authority comprised of the Director of the Department of Commerce, the JobsOhio President, one Governor appointee, one Senate appointee, and one House appointee. The program would be funded by the transfer of $20 million from the Facilities Establishment Fund to the Department of Commerce. The substitute bill allows a broadband provider to share an existing easement held by an electric cooperative and requires electric cooperatives to grant broadband providers nondiscriminatory access to the cooperatives’ electric poles. On June 2, after objections by the railroad industry, the Committee removed language that would have streamlined the process to gain approvals to traverse railroad crossings by setting standardized crossing fees and establishing a uniform crossing application process. HB 13 was also adjusted to place any dispute resolution among broadband service providers and rural electric co-ops in county courts of common pleas (rather than PUCO, as originally proposed). The House Finance Committee’s 29-2 vote was delayed as an amendment was added to allow an electric distribution utility to build out middle mile infrastructure for broadband and receive recovery through their rate. Ultimately, a compromise three-year “pilot project” version of the amendment was added to HB 13 and the measure passed the House on June 11 with hundreds of millions of dollars in new capital appropriations for school construction. The measure was first heard by the Senate Energy and Public Utilities Committee on July 21, with Rep. Carfagna providing sponsor testimony to the committee members. An outline of the bill as passed by the House can be found at https://bricker.sharefile.com/d-s51c309e51664dcbb, while sponsor testimony from Representative O’Brian is at https://bricker.sharefile.com/d-s1b1f546b5184b538 and from Representative Carfagna is at https://bricker.sharefile.com/d-s56eef2da6a948dea.
HB 34 MINIMUM WAGE (Kelly, B.) This bill would increase the state minimum wage and allow municipalities, townships and counties to establish higher minimum wage requirements. The bill has been referred to the House Commerce & Labor Committee, where initial hearings occurred in January 2020.
HB 48 ROAD IMPROVEMENT FUND (Greenspan, D.) This measure would provide for a new Local Government Road Improvement Fund for local governments to fund road improvements. It was referred to the Finance Committee in February 2019.
HB 93 PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION (Skindell, M., Upchurch, T.) Introduced February 21, 2019, in addition to any appropriations made for the 2020-2021 biennium, this bill would make additional appropriations related to public transportation in the amount of $100 million for public transportation and $50 million for the highway operating fund in both 2020 and 2021. The bill was referred to the House Finance Committee in March 2019.
HB 98 LOAN FUND (Jones, D., Cera, J.) Similar to HB 695 introduced in the last General Assembly, this bill would reinstate the rural industrial park loan program under Ohio Development Services Agency, as detailed in ORC 122.23-.25, with an appropriation of $25 million. The program would assist eligible applicants in financing the development and improvement of industrial parks by providing financial assistance in the form of loans and loan guarantees for land acquisition; constructing, reconstructing, rehabilitating, remodeling, renovating, enlarging, or improving industrial park buildings; and infrastructure improvements. The bill has been assigned to the House Economic & Workforce Development where it had its first hearing March 27, 2019. The provisions of this bill were included in the signed Budget Bill (HB 166).
HB 116 TRANSPORTATION PLANNING (Brinkman, T.) Introduced March 4, 2019, in addition to any appropriations made for the 2020-2021 biennium, this bill would make additional appropriations related to transportation planning and research in the amount of $4.5 million for FY 2020 which shall be used to (1) study the Cincinnati Eastern Bypass Project, (2) review work done previously by the Kentucky Transportation Cabinet relative to the Brent Spence Bridge Project, and (3) make recommendations on moving forward with both projects cooperatively. The bill was referred in March 2019 to the House Finance Committee.
HB 149 TAX EXEMPTION (Merrin, D.) Introduced March 19, 2019 and identical to HB 371 from the last General Assembly, this bill would amend ORC 5709.51 among other code sections and temporarily exempt from property tax the increased value of land subdivided for residential development until construction commences or the land is sold. The bill would benchmark an “ascribed taxable value” of the newly subdivided parcel, and any increase in taxable value would be exempt from taxation until either (1) Construction of a residential building on that property commences, or (2) Title to the property is transferred for consideration by a qualifying owner to another person. The construction of streets, sidewalks, curbs, or driveways or the installation of water, sewer, or other utility lines on a subdivided parcel would not cause construction of a residential building to commence for purposes of the bill, and the value of those improvements would thus automatically be exempted from taxation until construction of a residence begins or the property is sold. The bill was referred to the House Economic and Workforce Development Committee, and its provisions were then included in the Conference Committee version of the state budget bill, HB 166. However, after concerns were expressed by numerous local government groups including the Mid-Ohio Regional Planning Commission, the Ohio Library Council, the Ohio Association of School Board Officials, the Ohio Township Association, the County Commissioners Association and the County Auditors Association, Governor DeWine line-item vetoed the provisions of the bill.
HB 162 TAX CREDIT (Patton, T.) This bill would increase the overall cap on the motion picture tax credit from $40 million per fiscal year to $100 million per fiscal biennium. The bill was referred to the Finance Committee in March 2019.
HB 163 WATER/SEWER SERVICE (Brinkman, T.) This bill, introduced March 25, 2019 would create a process for withholding local government funds and state water and sewer assistance from municipal corporations that engage in certain water and sewer practices (for example, charging higher rates for nonresident customers) with respect to extraterritorial service. The bill was referred to the House Public Utilities Committee, where 5 hearings have occurred. On September 26, the committee accepted three amendments. The first would specify that the civil action referenced in the bill is a declaratory judgment action. The second would create a safe harbor for municipalities charging no more than 25% above rates charged to residents. The third would final ensure the bill has no effect on existing contracts. The bill had its sixth hearing January 29, 2020 during which an amendment was accepted that clarifies that nonresident rates that are no higher than 125% of residential rates are deemed to be reasonable. The bill was reported out of the committee May 13 and passed the House on a 56-38 vote held on June 10. The measure was referred to the Senate Energy and Public Utilities Committee in late July 2020.
HB 168 BONA FIDE PURCHASER (Arndt, S.) This bill should assist with brownfield development by incorporating into Ohio law the federal Bona Fide Purchaser Defense (BFPD) established under CERCLA, which provides prospective buyers of contaminated property with an option to establish a defense to environmental liability after completing the All Appropriate Inquires and proper due diligence. The bill passed the House May 30 and had its third hearing November 13, where an amendment was approved that would provide the director of the Ohio Environmental Protection Agency the ability to issue an order voiding a covenant not to sue if a property subject to institutional controls or use limitations fails to comply with those requirements. A fifth hearing occurred May 6, and after adopting an amendment that makes clear the bona fide prospective purchaser provision is retroactive to January 2002 following the lead of federal law, the bill was reported out of Committee and passed by the Senate May 6, 2020. On May 13, the House concurred on the Senate amendments. The bill was signed by the Governor June 16 and takes effect in mid-September.
HB 185 JOBSOHIO (Ingram, C.) Introduced April 4, this bill would establish that records kept by JobsOhio are public records subject to inspection and copying under Ohio Public Records Law and to require all meetings of the JobsOhio Board of Directors to be open to the public, except when in an executive session. It has been referred to the Economic and Workforce Development Committee where a first hearing occurred May 15, 2019.
HB 190 BROADBAND PROGRAM (Smith, R.) This bill is identical to HB 378 which passed in the House during the 132nd GA, would create the Ohio Broadband Development Grant Program to provide funds to extend broadband service to unserved areas of the state. The program would be administered by the Ohio Development Services Agency. The following entities could apply for a grant: (1) private businesses, (2) political subdivisions, (3) nonprofit entities organized to provide telecommunications services, and (4) co-ops organized to provide phone and Internet services. Grant amounts cannot exceed the lesser of: (1) 50% of the total project cost, or (2) $5 million. Recipients could use funds to construct broadband infrastructure to serve unserved areas, including installing middle-mile or last-mile infrastructure, grant-project planning, obtaining construction permits, constructing facilities, purchasing equipment, and installing and testing the service. The bill would appropriate $50 million per year for FYs 2020 and 2021 from the Facilities Establishment Fund, to be used to award grants under the Program. It was referred to the Finance Committee in April 2019.
HB 218 PUBLIC-PRIVATE AGREEMENTS (Patton, T.) Introduced April 24, 2019, this bill would authorize certain public bodies, including state agencies, state institutions of higher education, counties, townships, municipal corporations, school districts, community schools, STEM schools, college-preparatory boarding schools, library districts, and port authorities, to execute a public-private agreement (“PPA”) with a private party for the planning, acquisition, financing, development, design, construction, reconstruction, replacement, improvement, maintenance, management, repair, leasing, or operation of a “facility”. “Facility” is defined to include a new or existing public building, public improvement, or public infrastructure used by a public body, by the public at large, in support of a public purpose, or for the delivery of services, and it must be owned by the public body or owned by the private party through a lease agreement under which the facility reverts to the public body upon expiration of the agreement. A public body that has authority to issue bonds/obligations may issue them for the purpose of funding the development or financing of a facility under a PPA. A public body may accept a grant, loan, or other financial assistance from the United States or any of its agencies or may enter into agreements with the United States as necessary to fund the facility. A public body may also accept from any source any grant, donation, gift, or other form of conveyance of land, money, other real or personal property or other items of value, and the public body may use federal, state, local, and private funds to finance a facility. Finally, a facility may be financed in whole or in part by contribution of any funds or property made by any operator or an affected jurisdiction that is a party to a PPA. In the State and Local Government Committee, HB 218 was changed with clarifying language to make public-private agreements align with laws governing public improvement projects. The fourth committee hearing was held June 9, 2020.
HB 247 ELECTRIC SERVICE (Stein, D.) Introduced May 15, this bill would permit electric distribution utilities (EDUs) to offer customer-focused energy services or products, which may include energy efficiency, energy monitoring, electric vehicle charging stations, the installation and management of smart grid technology, and other items. These products may be offered if either the PUCO has approved them under certain sections of the Ohio Revised Code or the products are optional, the EDU maintains separate accounting for the products, and the EDU does not include incremental costs directly related to the products in base distribution rates but instead recovers incremental costs through charges to customers who elect to subscribe to those services. The bill would also allow an EDU’s electric security plan to include provisions for the EDU’s recovery of costs for the products and smart grid technology deployment, including lost revenue, shared savings, and avoided costs, and a just and reasonable rate of return on smart grid technology deployment. Additionally, it would lift the corporate separation requirements that currently apply to the offering of a product or service other than retail electric service, effectively allowing an EDU to offer such a product or service directly, rather than through a fully separated affiliate.
Finally, it authorizes nonbypassable electric riders for: (1) infrastructure development costs for state and local economic development projects and (2) facilities of mercantile customers that are locating or expanding in Ohio. The bill grants an EDU timely recovery of infrastructure development costs necessary to support or enable a state or local economic development project, including any project approved, certified, or funded by “the agency” (presumably the Development Services Agency). The bill defines “infrastructure development costs” as any cost of infrastructure development, including, if applicable, an allowance for funds used during construction. The bill defines “infrastructure development” as the planning, development, and construction of substation facilities and extensions of transmission or distribution facilities that an EDU owns and operates and the performance of load studies. The bill requires the EDU, before beginning the infrastructure development, to file a notice with the PUCO that contains all of the following:
- A description of the economic development project;
- A summary of the infrastructure development costs;
- A statement from the state or local entity involved that the infrastructure development is necessary to support or enable the economic development project.
The costs are to be recovered through a nonbypassable rider charged to all distribution customers regardless of whether the infrastructure development is used and useful at the time constructed.
The bill also expands the definition of “smart grid” to include capital investment in equipment deployed in conjunction with an EDU’s distribution infrastructure that facilitates intelligent city designs, such as traffic sensors, infrastructure monitoring equipment, data management systems, and similar technology as well as the deployment, adaptation, replacement, or subsequent reinforcement of any technology that facilitates the storage, control, or delivery of electric energy.
A third hearing on the bill occurred October 23, 2019 in the House Public Utilities Committee, where opponent testimony was heard from the OMA, IGS, Direct Energy, ChargePoint, the Environmental Law & Policy Center, the Ohio Environmental Council, the Consumers Council, the Retail Energy Supply Association and others.
HB 255 TAX EXPENDITURES (Hoops, J.) Introduced May 23, 2019, this bill would require the Tax Commissioner’s biennial tax expenditure report to include information on local property tax exemptions and to require the Tax Expenditure Review Committee to periodically review each such property tax exemption. It has been referred to the Ways & Means Committee, which approved a substitute bill May 12 that made two changes. The first removes the requirement to include tangible personal property tax exemptions in the tax commissioner’s biennial tax expenditure report. The second change defines property tax exemption to mean a provision in Revised Code exempting all or a portion of real property value as reported on forms prescribed by the tax commissioner and categorized by the commissioner as a charitable and public worship, public and education, local economic development, or other exemptions. The sixth committee hearing was held June 10. The House was scheduled to take action on this measure the week of August 31, but the abrupt adjournment of the House by Speaker Cupp to avoid HB 6-repeal amendments (see discussion in the introductory remarks, above) has delayed any House action at the time of this writing.
HB 264 INFRASTRUCTURE LOANS (Wilkin, S., O’Brien, M.) Introduced May 28, this bill would authorize the Ohio Water Development Authority (OWDA) to make loans and grants to persons and government agencies for the refinancing of certain public water and waste water infrastructure projects. The bill also authorizes the OWDA to issue water development revenue bonds and notes for the purpose of paying any part of refinancing of these projects. The bill was passed by the House December 12 and by the Senate June 30. It now remains with the Governor for his signature.
HB 283 GRANT PROGRAM (Miller, A., Sweeney, B.) Introduced June 11, this bill would require JobsOhio to establish and administer the Competitive Global Air Service Development Grant Program. Under the program, JobsOhio would be required to:
- Provide grants to air carriers to support the establishment of new direct international and domestic air service to and from Ohio airports;
- Ensure that grants made under the program provide minimum revenue guarantees and marketing assistance to air carriers;
- Give priority consideration to air carriers that propose to establish new direct air service between Ohio and destinations located in the European Union or Japan;
- Establish eligibility requirements; and
- Prepare, and submit to the General Assembly, a written report not later than the last business day of January of each year detailing all aspects of the program occurring during the immediately preceding year.
The bill has been assigned to the House Economic and Workforce Development Committee.
HB 382 MUNICIPAL TAXES (Jordan, K.) Introduced October 29, 2019, this bill would prohibit municipal corporations from levying an income tax on nonresidents’ compensation for personal services or on net profits from a sole proprietorship owned by a nonresident.
HB 386 TRUCK DRIVER STUDENTS (Hoops, J., Sobecki, L.) Introduced November 5, this bill would establish the Commercial Truck Driver Student Aid program and allocate funds for a grant and loan program to individuals seeking a Commercial Driver’s License. If students meet the eligibility requirements, they can receive a grant equal to one-half of the remaining state cost of attendance after the student’s federal Pell grant and expected family contribution are applied to instructional and general charges for the student’s enrollment in a certified commercial driver’s license school. They can also receive a loan in an amount equal to the grant, repayable if they do not complete the program and stay in Ohio for at least a year after completion. It was referred to the Economic & Workforce Development Committee where a second hearing occurred February 12, 2020.
HB 401 WIND REGULATIONS (Reineke, B.) Introduced November 6, 2019, this bill would apply to “economically significant wind farms” and would require inclusion of certain safety specifications in wind farm certificate applications to the Ohio Power Siting Board, would modify their wind turbine setback requirements and would permit a township referendum vote on these wind farm certificates issued by the Siting Board. The bill defines that term as already defined in ORC 4906.13, which is as follows: “economically significant wind farm” means wind turbines and associated facilities with a single interconnection to the electrical grid and designed for, or capable of, operation at an aggregate capacity of five or more megawatts but less than fifty megawatts.” The term excludes any such wind farm in operation on June 24, 2008. The term also excludes one or more wind turbines and associated facilities that are primarily dedicated to providing electricity to a single customer at a single location and that are designed for, or capable of, operation at an aggregate capacity of less than twenty megawatts, as measured at the customer’s point of interconnection to the electrical grid. If passed, the legislation would enable township residents by referendum to overturn a wind project already approved by the Ohio Power Siting Board. Amendments to approval certificates from the Power Siting Board for existing turbine projects would also be subject to potential referendum if they add more turbines, increase the height of a turbine or the diameter of a turbine tower’s base, or relocate any turbine. The bill also revises wind turbine setbacks with the distance to be equivalent to the manufacturer’s safety recommendations rather than current law which provides the greater of either 1.1 times total turbine height or at least 1,125 feet from the tip of the nearest blade to the property line of the nearest adjacent property. The bill has been assigned to the House Energy & Natural Resources Committee, where a first hearing occurred November 13 and a second one is scheduled for November 19. Senator Rob McColley has introduced companion Senate Bill 234. A third hearing occurred December 3, 2019 at which lawmakers discussed possibly revising the bill to move a proposed township referendum process to the Power Siting Board.
HB 440 TAX EXEMPTION (Miranda, J., Carruthers, S.) Introduced December 9, 2019, this bill would authorize sales tax exemptions for property and services used to clean or maintain manufacturing machinery and for employment services used to operate manufacturing machinery. It has been referred to the Ways & Means Committee where an initial hearing occurred January 28, 2020.
HB 481 LAND CONVEYANCE (Fraizer, M.) This bill was originally introduced to authorize the conveyance of state-owned real property and was passed by the House May 20. On June 10, 2020 the bill was passed by the Senate after being amended to include the provisions of SB 310 (distributing $350 million in federal CARES Act – Coronavirus Relief Fund payments to local governments) and SB 316 (the Senate’s $1.28 billion capital re-appropriations bill). On June 11, the House concurred in the Senate’s amendments, and the bill was signed by the Governor June 19.
HB 507 TAX LIENS (Manning, D.) Introduced February 13, 2020, this bill would prohibit enforcement of delinquent property tax liens against owner-occupied homesteads and require that any delinquent tax be paid before the title to a homestead may be transferred. The bill was referred to the House Ways & Means Committee.
HB 523 LOAN PROGRAM (Patterson, J., Carfagna, R.) Introduced February 21, this bill would establish the STEM Degree Loan Repayment Program, providing a refundable tax credit for employers who make payments on student loans obtained by graduates to earn a STEM degree. The bill was referred to the House Finance Committee March 10, 2020.
HB 531 JOBSOHIO (Rogers, J.) Introduced March 3, 2020, this bill would establish that JobsOhio must submit to audits by the Auditor of State, and that an audit of JobsOhio must include an audit of the revenues, receipts, and expenditures of JobsOhio associated with the enterprise acquisition project. The bill was referred to the House State & Local Government Committee.
HB 631 ECONOMIC ALLIANCES (Rogers, J., Hambley, S.) Introduced May 13, this bill would authorize municipal corporations to establish regional economic development alliances for the sharing of services or resources among alliance members. 10 or more municipalities may form an alliance but only 1 alliance may be formed per “region”. “Region” means the territory included within the boundaries of a central county and of each county that is adjacent to that central county. If two or more central counties are adjacent to each other, “region” means the entire territory included within the boundaries of those central counties and each county adjacent to either of those central counties. If two or more central counties are each adjacent to a common county, “region” may mean either of the following: The territory included within the boundaries of those central counties and each county that is adjacent to either of those central counties, or The territory included within the boundaries of one of the central counties and of each county that is adjacent to that central county, provided that, if a county is adjacent to two or more central counties that are included in separate regions under this division, the municipal corporations in that county may choose to join an alliance in any one of those separate regions. “Central county” means either Cuyahoga or Summit County (as stated in the bill, “a county that has adopted a charter under Sections 3 and 4 of Article X, Ohio Constitution and that has a population of at least four hundred thousand according to the most recent federal decennial census as of the date an agreement is entered into under this chapter”). The bill provides that alliances will have the same powers as given to COGs (Councils of Governments) under ORC Chapter 167 and sets forth a complex funding system alliances must follow, with annual contributions made by and funds received by municipalities factoring in their income tax rates and their revenues received from income taxes. Additionally, alliances may pool resources to fund infrastructure and economic development. It was referred to the House Economic and Workforce Development Committee where sponsor testimony was introduced on June 11. Representative Rogers (Mentor-on-the-Lake) and Hambley (Brunswick) presented on the bill, noting it would establish a pilot program among only large counties to increase regional cooperation in Ohio.
HB 663 PREVAILING WAGE (Hood, R., Dean, B.) Introduced May 19, this bill would repeal the Prevailing Wage Law. The legislation was referred to the Commerce & Labor Committee.
HB 670 CAPITAL REAPPROPRIATIONS (Merrin, D.) Introduced May 20, this bill proposed to make approximately $600 million in capital re-appropriations to continue funding to previously-funded projects, for the biennium ending June 30, 2022. As noted below, its provisions were folded into SB 4.
HB 675 CLEANOHIO (Hillyer, B., Swearingen, D.) Introduced May 26, this bill would restore funding to the state’s CleanOhio Revitalization Fund (CORF) which operated through 2013 as a competitive grant program administered by the Development Services Agency. Grants for the cleanup of brownfields would be available for up to 75% of the cleanup cost to a max of $3 million. The bill adds land banks (county land reutilization corporations) to the list of public entities and nonprofits eligible to apply. The program would be funded by the excess liquor profits paid by JobsOhio to the State pursuant to agreements between the parties. It was referred to the State & Local Government Committee.
HB 704 REDEVELOPMENT AREAS (Cross, J., Fraizer, M.) Introduced by Rep. Frazier, a new member of the Ohio House who recently served on Newark City Council. Bricker summarized the bill’s key elements for the OEDA Legislation and Policy Committee in September, highlights of which are included below:
- Amend the community reinvestment area (CRA) tax abatement program as it relates to commercial and industrial properties.
- The measure removes the requirement for a property owner and the municipal corporation or county to enter into an agreement setting forth job and investment commitments to receive the CRA abatement.
- The bill also ends the requirement that municipal corporations or counties petition the Ohio Development Services Agency to certify the creation of new CRAs.
- HB 704 alters the annual reporting requirements and removes the fee paid to ODSA for CRA agreements.
- The measure amends the statutory threshold for school district approval from an abatement. Under current law, school district approval is required if the schools would receive payments of less than 50% of the amount they would have received in taxes if there was no CRA abatement (see R.C. 3735.671(A)(2)). HB 704 changes the threshold to require school district approval if the schools receive payments of less than 75% of the amount of taxes they would have received but for the CRA abatement.
Note this bill has not seen any activity in the House since its introduction in June and referral in August to the House Economic and Workforce Development Committee. This measure could appear in a subsequent state biennial budget bill.
HB 725 MEDIA TAX CREDIT (SMITH, K.) Introduced July 13, this bill seeks to authorize a refundable income tax credit for investing in a sound recording production company. The measure was referred to the House Ways & Means Committee on August 31, 2020.
HB 734 FORECLOSURES (ROGERS, J., HICKS-HUDSON, P.) Introduced late July, this bill would modify delinquent property tax foreclosure proceedings and prohibit tax-delinquent persons and their associates from purchasing tax-foreclosed property or delinquent tax certificates. The measure was referred to the House Ways & Means Committee on August 31, 2020.
HB 738 HB6 REPEAL (SKINDELL, M., O’BRIEN, M.) One of three HB 6-repeal measures (as of this writing), this bill would repeal the changes made by H.B. 6 to the laws governing electric service, renewable energy, and energy efficiency. The measure was referred to the House Select Committee on Energy Policy & Oversight on August 31, 2020.
HB 746 ENERGY REPEAL (LANESE, L., GREENSPAN, D.) One of three HB 6-repeal measures (as of this writing), this bill would repeal the changes made by H.B. 6 to the laws governing electric service, renewable energy, and energy efficiency. The measure was referred to the House Select Committee on Energy Policy & Oversight on August 31, 2020 and is scheduled for a Select Committee hearing on September 10.
HB 751 PROPERTY TAX VALUATIONS (Hillyer, B.) This bill seeks to modify the law regarding property tax valuation complaints. The measure was referred to the House Ways & Means Committee on August 31, 2020.
HB 754 MUNICIPAL TAXES (Jordan, K.) This measure was introduced on August 31 and seeks to modify municipal income tax employer withholding rules for COVID-19-related work-from-home employees
HB 755 TAX FORECLOSURES (PATTON, T.) This bill was introduced on August 31 and seeks to make large-scale changes to county land banking law (R.C. Chapter 5722) and the law relating to tax foreclosures (R.C. Chapter 323). This measure was written in coordination with the Cuyahoga County Land Bank and other land bank leaders in Ohio. The Senate corollary measure is SB 356.
COVID-19 RELATED BILLS:
For brevity’s sake, measures are included here only if they moved beyond introduction and saw activity in the Ohio House or Senate during summer 2020:
HB 606 CIVIL IMMUNITY (Grendell, D.) This bill would grant civil immunity to a person (including businesses) providing essential services and operations from injury, death, or loss that was caused by the transmission of COVID-19 during the period of emergency declared by Executive Order 2020-01D, issued on March 9, 2020. Immunity would not apply in cases in which by clear and convincing evidence an individual can prove the virus was transmitted due to reckless or intentional conduct or willful or wanton misconduct. The bill had two hearings in May before the House Civil Justice Committee. The House panel accepted a substitute version of the bill that contained two components: one for the health care industry and another for general immunity. Examples of entities covered by the bill include all Ohio businesses, hospitals, healthcare workers, volunteers, grocery stores, churches, delivery drivers, and business employees. Senate Bill 308 is a companion bill. The bill passed in the House May 28 and passed in the Senate June 30 after being amended earlier that day by the Judiciary Committee. The bill cleared conference committee in early September, with the House voting to adopt the conference committee report on September 1, and the Senate voting likewise on September 2, sending the civil immunity bill to Gov. Mike DeWine. The Governor signed the measure into law on September 14. It will take 90 days for the bill to take effect; an emergency clause was removed during negotiations between the House and the Senate. The delay in the bill’s effective date was resolved by the conference committee by extending the law’s end date from December 31. 2020 to September 30, 2021.
Louis Dreyfus Company (LDC), a leading merchant and processor of agricultural goods, announced plans for its state-of-the-art soybean processing facility to be located in Wyandot County, Ohio. The project will bolster the region’s economic growth in the critical food and agriculture sector. LDC’s facility will be located just outside of the City of Upper Sandusky; it’s first location in the State of Ohio.read more
The Ohio General Assembly, in its budget bill (HB33) approved July 3, 2023, authorized up to $750 million in state budget resources to the All Ohio Future Fund (R.C. 126.62). The fund is to be used for infrastructure to compete for — and win – more sizeable economic development projects such as the Amazon, Honda-LG, and Intel megaprojects that Ohio landed in recent years.read more
The Wilmington DRIVE (Downtown Revitalization Investment Vibrancy Effort) Program, adopted a year ago, with the goal of enhancing and accelerating Wilmington’s downtown revitalization and encouraging creative mix-use development, made its first strategic acquisition, closing on the Masonic Lodge Site (28 W. Main St.) on September 29, 2023.read more